Budaya

9 Budaya Indonesia Yang Terkenal Dan Mendunia

Indonesia Sudah dikenal sebagai negara yang begitu kaya. Betapa tidak, negara kita dikenal memiliki pulau yang paling banyak, jumlah penduduk yang cukup padat, seni dan budaya yang beragam dan berbagai keunikan lain seperti peninggalan bersejarah yang masih terjaga hingga saat ini. Indonesia kerap memukau negara lain karena beragam hal yang dimilikinya dan beragam hal tersebut tidak membuat Indonesia terpecah belah, justru semakin erat. Inilah yang kerap menjadi daya tarik bagi para wisatawan mancanegara.

1. Tari Kecak Bali


Tari Kecak biasanya disebut sebagai Tari “Cak” atau tari api. Tari Kecak merupakan tari pertunjukan massal atau tari hiburan dan cenderung dibawakan sebagai sendratari, yaitu seni tari yang melibatkan drama.

Tari Kecak digolongkan ke dalam kelompok sendratari karena seluruhnya menggambarkan seni peran dari cerita pewayangan seperti Rama dan Sinta, dan tidak digunakan secara khusus digunakan untuk ritual dalam agama Hindu seperti pemujaan dan upacara lainnya.

2. Tari Pendet


Tari Pendet pada awalnya merupakan tari pemujaan yang banyak dipertunjukkan di pura. Tari Pendet melambangkan penyambutan atas turunnya dewata ke dunia. Perkembangan tari ini sangat pesat, sehingga para seniman Bali menggubah Tari Pendet yang semula menjadi tari penyambutan terhadap para dewa, menjadi tari ‘ucapan selamat datang’ dan tetap mempertahankan nilai religius yang dikandungnya.

Pencipta Tari Pendet versi modern adalah I Wayan Rindi. Tidak seperti tari lain yang memerlukan pelatihan intensif, setiap orang dapat menarikan Tari Pendet, baik pemangku pria ataupun wanita yang sudah dewasa maupun yang masih gadis.

3. Wayang


Wayang sudah dikenal sejak zaman prasejarah, sekitar 1500 SM. Ketika itu, Indonesia yang belum menjadi negara kesatuan seperti saat ini masih memeluk animisme berupa pemujaan roh nenek moyang yang diwujudkan dalam bentuk arca atau gambar.

Ada berbagai macam versi dan bentuk wayang, mulai dari wayang kulit yang berbahan dasar kulit sapi yang telah dijemur, dipotong, dan diberi warna, kemudian wayang golek yang berbahan dasar kayu. Ada pula wayang orang yang dimainkan secara langsung oleh orang yang mengenakan kostum sesuai dengan karakter yang dibawakan.

4. Angklung


Angklung merupakan alat musik bernada ganda yang secara tradisional berkembang dalam masyarakat. Angklung selama ini dikenal sebagai alat musik khas daerah. Menggunakan bahan dasar bambu, angklung dimainkan dengan cara digetarkan sehingga benturan antara pipa bambu dengan tiangnya akan menghasilkan bunyi tertentu.

Pada awalnya, Angklung diciptakan dan dimainkan untuk memikat Dewi Sri supaya turun ke Bumi, sehingga tanaman padi dapat tumbuh dengan subur. Selain itu, angklung juga dikenal masyarakat sebagai penggugah semangat rakyat ketika bertempur pada masa peperangan di tanah air.

5. Batik


Setiap orang Indonesia bahkan mancanegara pasti mengenal batik, baik yang tradisional maupun yang telah diciptakan kembali dengan corak modern. Batik dihasilkan dengan cara menuliskan lilin panas ke atas kain dengan menggunakan canting.

Batik biasanya digambar di atas kain katun atau kain sutera. Kain batik telah dikenal sejak zaman kerajaan Majapahit dan terus berkembang hingga saat ini dengan berbagai macam motif dan kreasi.

6. Reog Ponorogo


Reog adalah sebuah pertunjukan yang berasal dari Jawa Timur bagian barat laut, dan Kota Ponorogo dianggap sebagai kota asal reog yang sebenarnya. Gerbang Kota Ponorogo dihiasi oleh sosok warok dan gemblak, dua sosok yang ikut tampil ketika pertunjukan reog dibawakan.

Reog adalah salah satu kebudayaan di Indonesia yang masih kental dengan hal-hal berbau mistik dan ilmu kebatinan yang kuat. Reog modern biasanya ditampilkan dalam beberapa peristiwa seperti pernikahan, khitanan, dan hari-hari besar nasional.

7. Tari Barong Bali


Salah satu pertunjukan tari yang sangat terkenal dari nusantara adalah tari barong yang berasal dari bali. barong sendiri adalah tarian khas bali yang sudah ada sejak peradaban kebudayaan pra hindu.

Tarian ini menggambarkan pertarungan antara kebaikan melawan kebathilan, Barong sebagai lambang kebaikan melawan rangda yang merupakan simbol kejahatan.

8. Sendra Tari Ramayana


Sendra tari ramayana merupakan gabungan dari pementasan tari dan juga pementasan drama tanpa dialog, tarian ini diangkat dari kisah pewayangan ramayana.

Sendratari ramayana pertama kali dipentaskan pada tahun 1961 di Candi prambanan pada setiap hari selasa, kamis, dan sabtu. pementasanya sangat artistik karena berada di panggung terbukan dengan panorama candi prambanan.

9. Keris


Keris adalah senjata tradisional dari Indonesia yang diyakini mengandung kekuatan magis atau supranatural. Keris biasanya digunakan oleh para anggota kerajaan sebagai senjata pusaka yang dituakan.

Keris sendiri telah digunakan di Indonesia sejak abad ke-9, keris terbuat dari logam berkualitas, bahkan untuk keris kuno, banyak ditemukan terbuat dari bahan logam meteor yang jatuh kebumi.

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